I voted "yes", but I really think the answer should be "NO". Prison sentences for non-violent drug offenders should NOT be shortened. Instead, they should be commuted entirely, and their records expunged so they can get real jobs again without a felony conviction ruining their future job prospects. Putting these people in prison in the first place was a mistake.
The U.S. Sentencing Commission's recommendation reflects a policy supported by the Obama administration to bring punishments for low-level drug offenders in line with the severity of their crime. Some Republicans in Congress say more lenient sentences would reverse the drop in crime the US has seen over recent decades. More: reuters.com.
Less 'shortened', more 'removed', but a zero-length sentence is shorter than anything else, so yes.
Drug abuse generally indicates there is something missing from a person's life. It's better to address that and treat drug use as a health and wellness issue than to turn potentially productive people into criminals for the sake of enriching privately-run prisons.
I say yes. But I think low-level drug offences should have a different sentence (conform the 'crime-severity' idea), not necessarily a shorter one. I'm not sure a fine will be enough (as a punishment, it will <- since it will leave them less able to obtain more drugs) to change the offender for the better. Maybe add some community service (would make it more complex because of (bureaucratic) check-ups, but it's literally a better environment than prison), although dealers should face harsher sentences than private users.
There is no such thing as victimless crimes.
Yes, massively, often to zero.
Criminalizing drugs has never been the right strategy to dealing with drugs as a social problem. Rehabilitation efforts have always been much more sensible.
Look at alcohol. It's perfectly legal, but we regulate its manufacture and consumption (the latter of which we might overregulate) and if it's involved in your criminal behavior you may get court-assigned AA or other drug treatment classes.
That should largely be how we deal with most non-violent drugs. People tend to use drugs because they're self-medicating for a psychological problem, or are miserable or damaged, or just get sucked up into curiosity. None of those things are helped by throwing people into a concrete box.